When facing the challenge of neck contractures, patients and their healthcare providers are often confronted with a critical decision: choosing between a graft and a flap for the most effective treatment. This choice is not merely a matter of surgical preference, but a complex consideration of the patient’s specific condition, expected recovery and long-term outcomes.

Through this article, we will ensure that you are well-informed about the differences, benefits, and potential risks associated with grafts and flaps in the treatment of neck contractures.

Dr. Leena Jain is a top plastic surgeon in Mumbai, known for her expert care in treating neck contractures. She uses the latest techniques to get the best results for her patients. Dr. Jain’s approach is all about personal care and using innovative methods with a strong surgical base. She is highly respected for changing her patients’ lives, not just their looks, by improving their confidence and function.

Do not let neck contractures hold you back. Learn more about graft, flap techniques with Dr. Jain, and reclaim your mobility and confidence. Consult now!

Neck Contractures troubling you? No worries, we got you to learn more about how to cure it!


Neck contractures refer to the tightening of skin and underlying tissues in the neck, often resulting from burns, trauma, or surgical procedures. This condition can significantly affect neck movement, appearance, and overall quality of life.

The primary  goal of treatment is to restore functionality and aesthetics through various surgical interventions.

Graft Techniques for Neck Contractures

Skin grafting involves transferring skin from one part of the body to another. It’s a preferred method for covering large areas of deficit with relatively straightforward procedures. Grafts can be split-thickness, taking just a few layers of skin, or full-thickness, involving all layers of skin, for a better aesthetic match. The graft process is generally quicker and has a shorter initial healing time.

Flap Techniques for Neck Contractures

Flap surgery, on the other hand, entails the transfer of skin, along with its underlying fat and blood vessels, from a donor site to the affected area. This method is particularly beneficial for deep or extensive contractures requiring not just the skin but also the restoration of contour and tissue volume. Flaps can be local, regional, or distant, depending on the location of the donor site relative to the contracture and tissue requirements.

Still confusing what to choose between graft and flap? Read further and make the right choice for yourself.


ProsLess invasive, quicker recoveryRestores contours, better for deep recurrent contractures Good colour match No recurrences Like with like match
ConsRisk of graft failure Recurrence of contracture Colour mismatch No like with like matchMore complex procedure and more surgical time Second surgery to thin flaps
BenefitsCovers large areas quicklyAesthetically more superior Functionally much better with no recurrences.
Healing Time2-3 weeks2-3 weeks
Risks AssociatedInfection, graft failureFlap failure-partial or complete, Secondary surgeries to thin flaps

Make an informed decision about your health. Find out if a graft or flap is the best choice for you. Schedule your appointment!

What to Expect After Graft and Flap Technique for Neck Contractures Respectively?

After a Graft:

  • Healing Time: Both the donor and recipient sites will undergo a healing process. The initial healing phase typically lasts 2-3 weeks, with remodelling taking over a few months.
  • Scarring: Some scarring at both sites is expected. Grafts contract with time, hence neck contractures can recur. Grafts look darker than normal neck skin.
  • Post-Operative Care: Essential to ensure the graft adheres well. This includes regular dressing changes, wearing a neck collar to maintain dimensions of graft and limit their contraction. Moisturisers are required for 3 months to improve their pliability.
  •  Activity Limitations: Patients may need to limit physical activities to prevent stretching or injuring the graft site until it has fully healed.

After a Flap Technique:

  • Recovery: usually same time frame as a graft-2-3 weeks.Scar modulation continues for a year.
  • Intensive Flap Care: Requires more detailed flap care and monitoring to ensure proper healing of both the donor and recipient sites.
  • Durable Results: Flap surgeries generally offer more durable and aesthetically pleasing results, particularly in texture and color matching to the surrounding skin. Long standing results with no recurrences.
  • Follow-Up Visits: More frequent follow-up visits may be necessary to monitor the healing process and address any complications early.

Both procedures require a commitment to post-operative care and follow-ups with the healthcare provider to ensure the best outcomes.

Curious about your treatment options? Connect with our experts and discover the best path tailored for you. Contact us!


  • Extent of Contracture: The size and depth of the neck contracture play a crucial role in deciding whether a graft or flap is more suitable.
  • Patient Health: Overall health, including the ability to undergo surgery and heal properly, must be considered to ensure the best outcomes.
  • Desired Outcomes: What the patient hopes to achieve aesthetically and functionally post-surgery is vital in guiding the choice of procedure.
  • Scar Potential: The likelihood and acceptability of scarring can influence the decision, as different techniques may leave different scar patterns.
  • Consultation with Specialists: Dr. Leena Jain highlights the importance of consulting with an experienced Plastic Surgeon, to evaluate these factors thoroughly. This discussion ensures that the chosen method aligns with the patient’s specific needs and goals.


  • Choose a Graft When:
    • The contracture covers a large, superficial area and there is enough healthy skin available for donation.
    • You are looking for a quicker recovery period and can accommodate the possibility of less precise aesthetic matching.
  • Opt for a Flap If:
    • The contracture is deep, affecting underlying structures, or there’s a significant volume loss that needs restoration.
    • You first try to attain the most natural looking results by matching texture and color. Then, you are willing to endure more pain to get those results.
  • Consider Your Priorities:
    • Assess your readiness to handle a potentially extended recovery time for the sake of achieving superior aesthetic results with flap surgery.
    • Balance your decision by comparing functional and cosmetic benefits, and practical aspects of each procedure’s recovery and aftercare.


The decision between a graft and a flap for treating neck contractures depends on various individual factors. Consultation with an experienced Plastic Surgeon in Mumbai like Dr. Leena Jain can provide personalized advice, ensuring the chosen method aligns with your health needs and aesthetic goals.

Say goodbye to the limitations of neck contractures. Engage with experts for guidance that can restore your confidence and function. Book your Consultation!


  1. How long do the results of grafts and flaps for neck contractures typically last?

The durability of results varies, but both grafts and flaps can offer long-term solutions, with proper care and follow-up.

  • What can I expect in terms of scarring and cosmetic appearance after receiving a graft or flap?

Scarring is inevitable, but strategic placement and expert technique can minimize its appearance. Flaps tend to offer a better match in terms of texture and color.

  • Does skin grow back after skin graft?

Skin does not “grow back” at the donor site of a full-thickness graft; however, split-thickness graft donor sites can heal and regenerate to some extent.

  • Is flap surgery painful?

All surgeries involve some degree of discomfort. However, pain management techniques post-surgery can effectively control pain during the recovery phase.